On the Caravan of Death for Emancipadas y Emancipadoras display with the curator of Karen Bernedo.

It is a metaphor about the representation of the landscape seen by the women who made up the caravan of death. It happens that the women who joined the Tupac Amaru’s revolution were sentenced to xile and forced to go from Cusco to Callao on foot and even barefoot. This sentence was assumed by ninety-two women, of whom seventeen were girls. They left on October 1, passing through Huamanga an Lima to Callao, this was a trip of 1,400 kilometers of three months. After,  the women had to go Mexico on a ship. However, of the ninety-two only fifteen arrived. Most died along the way from illness, fatigue, hunger , inclemente weather and the lack of medical and humanitarian support in the face of adverse conditions.

This punishment not only shows the cruelty and inhumanity that any type of uprising has been treated from the indigenous people but also seeks to be an exemplary punishment to extinguish any attempt at resurrection in the future.

At a conceptual level, the proposal tries to reinvent the so-called “caravan of death” as the first institutionalized gender punishment where it seeks to eliminate a generation through women, in addition to using the exhibition of women’s suffering as spoils of war . Historically, this type of harassment and gender murder was followed and continues to be carried out at different times, such as in the Internal Armed Conflict, forced migrations, femicides, rapes, disappearances, forced sterilizations, etc. Until now, the number of victims is infinite and yesterday’s caravan seems not to have finished yet. Thus, the textile object seeks to generate a parallel between the exodus of indigenous women who belonged to the caravan of death with different waves of feminised that we have experienced and are currently experiencing.

At a formal level, this textile tries to generate a simile between the infinite number of people, that of many generations, thousands of families and victim daughters with the number of stars in a constellation. Remember that each point-light is a being and that for a moment during the past pain or the present pain, they saw the same sky that we see today.

Today, the caravan turns into a protest that speaks about our origin and the commitment to fight for a just life, each participant in this march, all of them try to be listed in the imaginary lines that form the sky, which in turn are frustratingly accounted for by the usual textile numbering system.

There are many other heroines whose contributions, feats and sacrifices remain anonymous, their representations are scarce and little known despite the existence of documentation and files that support the significance of their stories. Such is the case of the women who participated in the Túpac Amaru rebellion, such as the Cacica de Acos, Tomasa Tito Condemayta, Cecilia Escalera Túpac Amaru and Marcela Castro, as well as the martyrdoms suffered by the descendants of their families to which it was known like The Caravan of Death, a walk from Cusco to Lima in which 75 women and 17 children perished of hunger, thirst and fatigue.

Karen Bernedo, Curator of the exhibition Emancipadas y emancipadoras.


Visualizar la muestra, gracias a Canal Museal

Black plaque where the names of the ninety-two women are engraved, whom they call “the martyrs of the Caravan of Death” at the Center for Historical Military Studies of Peru placed a plaque on one of the walls of the Pantheon of the Próceres, in the Casona de San Marcos.

Las mujeres en la independencia de América Latina. Heroínas y luchadoras por la libertad” de Sara Beatriz Guardia, pág.45, 2000.

Mujeres Patriotas por Rosa Málaga.